Logs; Lumber industry; Lumber; Ox teams; Cattle; Carts & wagons; Cutover lands; Clearing of land; Bodies of water
A team of oxen yoked together stand beside wagons loaded with hand hewn crossties. The crossties were hewn by seasonal workers using a broadaxe and delivered to river landing tieyards for shipping by steamboat.
William Strickland's watercolor sketch of the "New Falls at Tivoli." The three segemented falls are pictured in the foreground, surrounded by wooded hillsides near Tivoli. Strickland gives a brief history of the falls.